July 7, 2022

The United States aims to control China by designing its environment, Blingen says

WASHINGTON – Foreign Secretary Anthony J. Blingen said on Thursday that despite Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, China remains. The biggest challenge The Biden administration aims to “shape the strategic environment” for the United States and its allies, and around the Asian power, and to control its increasingly aggressive activities.

“China is the only country with the goal of reshaping the international order and, increasingly, the economy, diplomacy, military and technological power,” he said. Blinken said in a speech that outlined the administration’s strategy for China. “Beijing’s vision will move us away from the global values ​​that have sustained many of the world’s advances over the past 75 years.”

This speech is the first general overview of President Biden’s approach to China, and is based on the longest diversified strategy, which was largely completed last fall. U.S. officials say direct economic and diplomatic involvement in forcing the Chinese Communist Party to obey US-led rules, agreements and institutions for decades has largely failed, and Mr. Blingen stressed that the goal now was to form alliances with other countries. Limit the global power of the party and control its occupations.

“We can not trust it to change the course of Beijing,” he said. “So we will design the strategic environment around Beijing and advance our vision for an open and inclusive international organization.”

China’s open agreement with Russia before and after the Moscow invasion of Ukraine has further clarified the difficulties for US and European officials in engaging with Beijing. On February 4, almost three weeks before the invasion, President Vladimir V. Putin met with President Xi Jinping in Beijing, and their two governments released a 5,000-word statement. “No limits” declares partnership It aims to counter international diplomatic and economic institutions overseen by the United States and its allies. Since the beginning of the war, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Mr. Spreading misinformation and conspiracy theories This undermines the United States and Ukraine.

“Beijing’s defense of President Putin’s war to destroy Ukraine’s sovereignty and protect its sphere of influence in Europe should raise alarm bells for all of us who call the Indo – Pacific region home,” he told observers at George Washington University. Said Blinken.

Mr Blingen stressed that the US was not seeking to overthrow the Communist Party or overthrow China’s political system, and that the two countries – the nuclear powers with interconnected economies – could work together on some issues. However, as with previous US policy on the Soviet Union, Chinese officials will view key areas of the talks as outlines of efforts to control China.

In private conversations, Chinese officials said Mr. They expressed concern about the importance of regional alliances under Python and their potential in China.

Mr. Blinken pointed to last year’s formation A security agreement called AUKUS, Australia, Britain and the United States. President Donald Trump has condemned US partners and alliances as part of “America First” foreign policy. The task of building the coalition is against Trump’s approach.

Mr. Blingen’s speech revolved around the slogan for Biden’s strategy: “Invest, restructure and compete.” Coalitions fall under the “alignment” area. “Investment” refers to the dumping of resources in the United States – citing the $ 1 trillion bilateral infrastructure law passed by management last year. Also “competition” refers to competition with China, which was also encouraged by the Trump administration.

Both administrations stressed the same major problems in US-China relations: the integration of China’s economy with the United States and its allies has enormous strategic influence on Beijing. The wealth that China has amassed from trade is helping to remove US dominance over the world economy, technology and military power in the Asia-Pacific region.

“Beijing wants to place itself at the center of global innovation and production, to increase the technological dependence of other countries and then use that dependency to impose its foreign policy options,” Mr Blingen said. “And Beijing is going to put more effort into winning this competition – for example, by exploiting the openness of our economy to spy, hack, steal technology, improve its military inventions and improve its surveillance status.”

He said Beijing was forming a “China House” committee to work with Congress to coordinate policies across the Foreign Ministry to meet the challenges posed. Said Blinken.

Liu Pengyu, a spokesman for the Chinese embassy in Washington, said after the speech that “there is competition in some areas, such as trade, but it should not be used to define the overall picture of Sino-US relations.”

“It is not China’s intention to surpass or replace the United States or engage in zero-sum competition with it,” he added.

Mr Blingen also noted the Communist Party’s human rights abuses in Xinjiang, Tibet and Hong Kong, as well as repression of ethnic minorities and the cancellation of free speech and assembly. In recent years, those issues have caused a great deal of resentment against China among Democratic and Republican politicians and policymakers. “We will continue to raise these issues and call for change,” he said.

But Mr. Blinken sought to alleviate misconceptions about Taiwan The biggest single flash point In US-China relations. On Monday in Tokyo, Mr. Despite Biden’s comments, he reiterated his long-standing US policy on Taiwan. There is a “commitment” If China attacks the Sovereign Democratic Island, it must involve the military in defending Taiwan. The US government has maintained a policy of “strategic ambiguity” on Taiwan for decades – not to mention whether it will use force to defend the island from China – and oppose Taiwan’s independence.

China’s recent actions in Taiwan – attempting to sever diplomatic and international ties on the island and sending warplanes to the area – have been described as “deeply destabilizing”. Said Blinken.

“While our policy has not changed, Beijing’s growing compulsion has changed,” he said.

Yawe Liu, a political scientist at Emory University and director of the Chinese Research Center in Atlanta, said: He said Blinken’s words did not reassure Beijing. “I think this is not going to satisfy the Chinese side,” he said in a Twitter space conversation after the speech.

But Mr Blingen stressed that despite growing concerns, the United States was not seeking a new Cold War and would not seek to isolate China, the world’s second-largest economy.

Mr. Blinkan praised China’s growth for the talent and hard work of the Chinese people and China’s stability. Global trade agreements And diplomacy, also known as international order based on Washington rules, was created and designed by the United States.

“Arguably, no country on earth has benefited so much from China,” he said. “But instead of using its power to strengthen and revitalize the laws, treaties, policies and institutions that implemented its success, other countries may benefit from them, and Beijing is undermining it.”

After China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001, and supported by the United States, leaders in Beijing made broad changes in the country’s planned economy, helping to make China one of the world’s, to further open it to foreign trade and investment. Poor countries make it its largest industrial hub, and elevate hundreds of millions of people to the global middle class.

But China has come a long way in transforming the free market democracy that many in the West have come to expect. In the last decade, Mr. Under Ji, the Communist Party and the Chinese government have placed even more hands on the private market and individual liberty. .

Democrats and Republicans are now looking at Chinese business practices, including the creation of government-subsidized national champions and the acceptance of intellectual property theft as one of the biggest factors slowing down American business.

“For a long time, Chinese companies have been enjoying more access to our markets than our companies have in China,” he said. Said Blinken. This mutual lack is unacceptable and it is unsustainable.

Management Introduces a Major Initiative to Design the Economic Environment Around China – Indo-Pacific Economic Structure – Mr. Pitan’s visit to Tokyo This week. The United States and 12 Asian and Pacific nations will seek to negotiate new industry standards.

But skeptics say Washington’s ability to shape trade in the Asia-Pacific region may be diminished because it’s not a traditional trade agreement, but a tariff reduction that gives countries greater access to the lucrative U.S. market – a politically unpopular country.

The Trump administration’s focus on the Chinese government’s influence and intelligence in the United States has been central to sending messages about China. Blinken did not highlight. He said he welcomes Chinese transfer students and many of them stay – “they help create innovations at home, and it benefits all of us.”

“We can be vigilant about our national security without closing our doors,” he said. “There is no room for racism and hatred in a nation built by generations of immigrants to fulfill the promise of opportunity for all.”