December 8, 2022

Editing China’s History to Glorify Xi Jinping

The drive to extend Xi Jinping’s powerful power for several years reached a new peak on Tuesday, when the Chinese Communist Party issued a statement. Resolution on History It anoints him as one of its esteemed leaders, for hours Through a video presentation with President Biden, Mr..

Senior executives of the party Approved the resolution last week, Some of its key points were released in the official summary of their meeting. But the government was late in releasing the third comprehensive summary of the 100-year history of the Communist Party of China. Scholars, investors and government analysts Analyze the resolution that reveals about Xi’s worldview and intentions. Here are some starting points.

The implications of the rhetorical speeches and documents of the Chinese Communist Party can sometimes be elusive. Not this time.

The chorus resolution of the official speeches and editorials had a key objective: Mr.

Two-thirds of the document is by Mr. Dedicated to Shi’s nine years of rule and the changes he brought about in politics, economics, foreign policy and other fields. In the resolution Mr. Shi’s name comes up 22 times; Mao Zedong gets 18 tips and Deng Xiaoping gets six tips. Mr. Ji’s immediate predecessor, Hu Jintao – who has been in power for a decade – gets a hint.

As is the case in Chinese politics, Mr. Xi’s rise is already there Its own slogan Embedded in the resolution: “two companies” (“Liang Ji Quli”) – that is, Mr. as China’s “main” leader. Establishing Ji and establishing his ideas as the official doctrine of China. Since the Central Committee approved the move last week, party volunteers have repeated the slogan after the speech.

Officials said he “must show complete loyalty to the fetus, firmly defend the center, and follow the center closely and consistently.” Official account of the meeting About the resolution in the province of Shandong in eastern China.

Mr. Xi was powerful even before the historic resolution, but this document appears to have aimed to lead him to a new phase of influence before the Communist Party Congress next year. Breaking the two tenures that had appeared under his predecessors, Mr. as party leader. The Congress is likely to offer Shik a third five-year term. It would add political urgency to his policy priorities, including the “public prosperity” program aimed at curbing economic inequality, as well as efforts to strengthen China’s domestic technological capabilities.

The historical resolution connects him to the leaders who defined the era of the party Mao Zedong And Deng Xiaoping. Mao led China to stand up against oppression; Deng led it to prosperity; Now Mr. Shi leads it to strength – three phase interpretations of China’s uprising are repeated in the resolution.

Assessing Deng’s Tradition Mr. Shik presented a tricky problem: Deng and his successors Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao – if successful, Mr. What justified the sharp shift to a more centralized, dictatorial control overseen by Shi? On the other hand, Mr. Xi’s claims that he is an economic reformer could be affected if he denigrates Dengue, which is still widely admired in China.

The resolution commends the Deng era for unleashing China’s economic growth and defends Deng’s determination to use force. Pro-democracy struggles must be crushed It spread throughout China in 1989. “Reform and opening are an important step in determining the fate of contemporary China,” it says.

Nevertheless, Mr. The resolution also bluntly argues that problems had accumulated before Shi came to power in 2012: broader issues such as corruption, political immorality and distrust of the party, as well as industrial pollution and inefficient development. His immediate ancestors allowed things to move.

“The environment has brought many new dangers and challenges,” he said. Tells about the time before Shi came to power. Within the Communist Party, corruption was rampant. “Some party members and officials have experienced a serious crisis in their political faith.”

Facing Mao’s legacy also posed potential dangers. Mr. Under Ji, the party has stepped up censorship to protect Mao from criticism. Authorities have curtailed research and teaching on the devastating decades of Mao’s rule. But going too far in defending Mao is dangerous.

Criticism that his fierce campaigns against political infidelity risked reviving parts of China’s Maoist past. Mr. Shi was not interested in unleashing mass campaigns like the turbulent Mao, so he sought to acknowledge Mao’s excesses while strongly defending Mao’s overall record.

The resolution praises Mao as the founder of the People’s Republic and for creating a new China free from foreign imperialism. It summarizes the worst catastrophes of the Mao era, including the Great Leap, the attempt to push China towards communism that ended in mass famine, and the Cultural Revolution, wars and purges that shocked the country.

The resolution states that China has achieved “great achievements” under Mao, despite “severe setbacks during the research”.

During his own nine-year rule Mr. There is no indication in this resolution that Shi has admitted any wrongdoing. On the contrary, much of the resolution describes his successes in eradicating corruption, reducing poverty, and removing political opposition to Communist rule in mainland China and Hong Kong.

Mr. Prior to Xi’s inauguration, the resolution stated that China “had little capacity to defend national security.”

The resolution does not bow to any criticism leveled by foreign politicians that China’s provocative, heavy diplomacy has unnecessarily provoked other countries. The resolution states that Mr. Xi has expanded China’s international circle of friendship and influence. But he warns that the party will have to work harder to deal with the impending dangers.

“Continuing to retreat from those who hold a side only if given an inch is bullying,” the resolution says. “Giving up concessions to get our way will drag us into even more humiliating crises.”