August 15, 2022

Assassination of Shinzo Abe of Japan

Pedestrians watch news of the assassination of former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in Tokyo on July 8. (Kyoshi Ota/Bloomberg/Getty Images)

Former Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has passed away After being shot During a campaign speech on Friday in Nara. He is 67 years old.

Abe held two separate positions as the right-leaning Japanese leader Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) – first from 2006 to 2007, then again from 2012 to 2020. His second term as head of the Japanese government lasted longer.

He comes from a family of Japanese Prime Ministers: Abe was born on September 21, 1954 in Tokyo into a prominent political family. Both his grandfather and great-uncle served as prime ministers, and his father was a former general secretary of the LDP.

Abe was first elected to Japan’s House of Representatives in 1993 at the age of 38. He held several cabinet posts in the 2000s, and in 2003 became the LDP’s general secretary. Four years later, he was named party leader and became Japan’s prime minister.

His first term was marred by controversy and poor health, and he stepped down as party leader and prime minister in 2007. The end of Abe’s first term opened a revolving door in which five different people held the prime ministership in five years until his next day. -Election in 2012. He resigned in 2020 citing ill health.

After leaving office he continued to be an influential leader: After leaving office, Abe was the leader of the ruling LDP’s largest faction and was influential within the party. He has continued to campaign for a stronger security policy, angering China last year by calling for greater commitment from allies to protect democracy in Taiwan. In response, Beijing summoned Japan’s ambassador and accused Abe of openly challenging China’s sovereignty.

Abe redefined Japan’s diplomatic and military policy: Abe will be remembered for the most dramatic change in Japanese military policy in 70 years and for raising defense spending. In 2015, his government passed a reinterpretation of Japan’s postwar, pacifist constitution, allowing Japanese troops to engage in a foreign war — with conditions — for the first time since World War II.

Abe argued that the change was necessary in response to a more challenging security environment, a more assertive China and North Korea’s frequent missile tests.

During his tenure, Abe sought to improve relations with Beijing and held a historic phone call with Chinese President Xi Jinping in 2018. At the same time, he sought to counter Chinese expansion in the region by uniting Pacific allies.

He tried to build a personal relationship with former US President Donald Trump. As Washington’s relationship with Pyongyang Towards diplomacyWith both Trump and South Korean President Moon Jae-in hosts historic summits With North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, Abe said he was “committed” to meeting Kim. Abe wanted to normalize relations with North Korea and ease tensions on the Korean Peninsula, but his first priority was to bring some closure to the families of Japanese citizens kidnapped by North Korea in the 1970s and ’80s.

During his tenure, Japan’s relations with South Korea deteriorated. The two countries have been embroiled in a major dispute over trade and military intelligence agreements over the legacy of World War II and Japan’s brutal colonization of the Korean Peninsula.

“Abenomics”: Abe came to office during an economic crisis and quickly began to restart Japan’s economy after decades of stagnation. Soon after his re-election as Prime Minister in 2012, he launched a massive experiment popularly known as “Abenomics”.

It involves three arrows – massive monetary stimulus, increased government spending and structural reforms.

After a strong start, it faltered and in 2015, Abe Deleted The “Three New Arrows” are designed to increase GDP. In 2020, when Covid-19 swept across the country, hopes that they could finally hit their mark were dashed, plunging Japan into recession.

One of Abe’s major domestic achievements was securing the 2020 Tokyo Olympics. But the much-anticipated success of the Tokyo Games was ultimately thwarted by the Covid-19 pandemic, which forced the postponement of the Games to 2021.

Abe declared a state of emergency months after the first cases were detected. His administration has also been criticized for low testing rates, and an initial shortage of specialized medical equipment to treat the growing number of patients.

Abe’s handling of the abdication of Emperor Akihito, the first Japanese monarch to abdicate in two centuries, was highly successful. He was succeeded by his son, Emperor Naruhito, who began the Rewa Era in October 2019.

Abe is survived by his wife Aki Abe, née Matsuzaki, whom he married in 1987. The couple has no children.

Read more about his legacy Here And see his life in photos Here.